- Los Vinos y el Menú
- Información sobre los vinos
- Notas regionales
- Vinotables rating de los vinos
Miguel Segovia y Orlando Reos
TIPO : Ciega
Mario Aguilar, Carlos Algandona, Orlando Mason, Italo Mirkow, Carlos Paldao, Orlando Reos, Alfonso Sánchez, Jairo Sánchez, Peter Scherer, Miguel Segovia.
LOS VINOS Y EL MENÚ
Esta degustación es la segunda de la serie de vinos de Australia programada para el 2015, que en esta oportunidad incluye vinos de Australia del Sur, subegiones Limestone Coast, Lowe Murray, y Far North.
- The lodge Hill Riesling 2013
- Aradia Chardonnay 2011 _ Penley State
- Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve 2009 – Penley Estate
- Gryphon Merlot 2010 – Penley Estate
- Chertsey Reserve 2008 – Penley Estate
- Cabernet Sauvignon – Penforlds –Bin 407- 2010
- Esnalada de maricos fría con tocineta y radichio
- Ensalada Ceasar
- Ravioli de ternera en sala aurora
- Codero con slasa de romero y champigñones y vegetales asados
INFORMACIÓN SOBRE LOS VINOS
(All information obtained and condensed from several Internet articles.)
Aradia Chardonnay 2011 – Penley Estate
The Vineyard and the Winery. Penley Estate’s 166 Ha estate is situated in Australia’s famous Cabernet Sauvignon district, Coonawarra. When Kym purchased the land it was a green site and now there is currently there is 111 hectares under vine including cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, shiraz, merlot, pinot noir, pinot munier and chardonnay. The vineyard is established on limestone covered by the famous ‘terra rossa’ soil of the Coonawarra. This, combined with ideal cool climatic conditions and an abundance of sunshine make a perfect location for vine growing.
In 1989 Penley made its first vintage, 10 years later in 1999, Penley made its first vintage in its new state of the art winery, where Kym Tolley uses a blend of modern and traditional winemaking techniques to produce Penley’s range of wines. The Cellar Door – Penley’s shop window was opened in 2001 allowing wine lovers to taste and visit the home of Penley Estate.
The key to Penley Estate’s wine is balance. Kym Tolley has the ability to integrate wood, fruit and flavour to ensure that all of our wines have great elegance, integration and finesse. Part of this style comes from the intensely rich and sweet characteristics of the Coonawarra district, but it is also reinforced by Penley Estates edict only to produce the best. Read more at: http://www.penley.com.au/
The Wine. This chardonnay has been made to be crisp with fresh fruit characters and a hint of soft oak that will allow some maturation if required. The colour is medium yellow with touches of grapey green. The aroma is emphasised by melon and fresh citrus fruits with a hint of biscuity and nutty complexes achieved by aging on yeast lees and the very light use of soft French oak. A finely layered palate with harmonious and sensuous flavours of melons and grapefruit. The subtle oak enhances the varietal flavours without overpowering them and leads to a silky soft finish. Read more about this wine here: http://www.penley.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/11-AR-TST1.pdf
Alcohol: 13%; Price: $16
Jim Barry The Lodge Hill Riesling – 2013
The Wine: Winemaker’s Notes. The wine in the glass has crystal-like clarity, with a straw colour and green hues. The nose has lifted aromas of brown lime, papaya, white peach, tangelo and cumquats. On the palate enticing flavours fill the mouth with intense pink grapefruit, feijoa, green mango at the forefront and hints of ginger and lemongrass playing a supporting role. A tight natural acid backbone keeps the palate focussed and refreshing.
Alcohol: 13%; Price:$ 18
Experts Ratings: WE: 90 pts., WS: 90 Pts.: WA: 90 Pts.
Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve 2009 – Penley Estate
The Wine: Complex,fresh with black currant leaf notes, touch of mulberry and blackberry fruits interwoven with hints of wild berries and violets.The oak is quite prominent displaying some dusty and vanillin characters on the nose which over time will integrate into the wine thereby adding further complexity to the nose. A very full bodied and luscious wine, whilst still young is showing strong juicy-like tannins which will become more silky and velvety with time and evolve as the wine ages. Read more about this wine here: http://www.penley.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2009-Reserve-Cabernet-Sauvignon-Tasting-Notes.pdf
Expert Ratings: ST: 92; W&S: 90
Gryphon Merlot 2010 – Penley Estate
The Wine: This wine has a deep colour with strong red purple hues. The bouquet is quite complex with distinct floral notes and ripe fruits complimented by nuances of sweet French vanilla and oak but with soft elegant length on the finish. The flavours are complex with a blend of florals, berries and oak, not over ripe and porty but shows typical Coonawarra spicy berry flavor.
Read more about this wine here: http://www.penley.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2009-Gryphon-Merlot-Tasting-Notes.pdf
Alcohol: 14.5%; Price: $17
Chertsey Reserve 2008 – Penley Estate
The Wine: Chertsey is a wine made using varieties of cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc and merlot. The objective was to utilise the three varieties that grow exceptionally well in Coonawarra. It is full of fresh cherries, violets and plums with hints of spice and chocolate which flows seamlessly into the rich silky pallet. A wine of the balance, elegance and understated power. Read more about this wine here: http://www.penley.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2008-Chertsey-Tasting-Notes.pdf
Alcohol: 14.5%; Price:$42
Experts Ratings: WE 87, ST: 90
Penfolds Bin 407 – Cabernet Sauvignon – 2010
Peter Gago, Penfolds Chief Winemaker and only the 4th custodian of Grange, relishes the opportunity to bring Penfolds to the world stage and is an enthusiastic ambassador and natural educator. Penfolds came to the attention of the US market when 1990 Grange was Wine Spectator’s ‘Wine of the Year’. Since then, Penfolds Grange has become one of the most collectable wines of the world and was honored to grace the front cover, once again, of Wine Spectator, with declarations of Grange as Australia’s Icon. (taken from www. wine.com)
Winemaker’s Notes: Deep magenta in color. The nose is energetic exuberant. Varietally pure – cassis/blackcurrant, at the physiologically riper end of the spectrum – no herbal or green cues. Other aromatics include derived scents extolling memories of homemade cannoli – its pastry and custard/chocolate. Upon sitting, a suggestion of Chinese sausage. French oak is evident, with clove, cedar, pencil shavings. The palate is full-bodied, fresh, bright and lively. It is defined and focussed. Solid, granular tannins, balanced acidity and friendly yet reserved oak, beckon an impressive structural conveyance. Palate length and persistence? Only one way to confirm… please pour.
Alcohol: 14.5%; Price: $50
Experts Rating: WS: 90 pts.; WA: 90 Pts., JS: 91Pts.
VINOTABLES RATINGS FOR THIS TASTING:
La evaluación de los vinos por los socios, que aparecerá publicada en el blog, presenta puntajes entre aproximadamente 88 a 90 para los blancos y 91 a 93 para los tintos, lo cual refleja la alta calidad de los vinos degustados. Los socios, por unanimidad, votaron que el 2010 Penfolds Bin 407 Cabernet Sauvignon fue el mejor vinos de esta sesión. Los vinos individuales fueron calificados así:
Vino Rango Puntaje
- Jim Barry – Lodge Hill Riesling- 2013 79-94 88.1
- Penley Estate – Aradia Chardonnay – 2011 87-96 89.5
- Penley Estate – Gryphon Merlot – 2010 84-89 86.7
- Penley Estate – Chertsey Reserve)- 2008 89-93 90.9
- Penley Estate Cabernet Sauvignon Reserve -2009 90-93 91.3
- Penfolds Bin 407 Cabernet Sauvignon 2010 91-95 92.6
(This information has been obtained from various internet sources, mainly Wikipedia and web pages dedicated to Australian wines as well as from the book the Wine Bible)
South Australian Wine
(See map HERE)
The South Australian wine industry is responsible for more than half the production of all Australian wine. South Australia has a vast diversity in geography and climate which allows the state to be able to produce a range of grape varieties-from the cool climate Riesling variety in the Clare Valley wine region to the big, full bodied Shiraz wines of the Barossa Valley.
Some of Australia‘s best-known wines like Penfolds Grange, Jacob’s Creek, Yalumba and Henschke Hill of Grace are produced here, as well as many of Australia’s mass-produced box wines.
As with most agriculture in Australia, irrigation is vital to the success of the South Australian wine industry
Climate and Geography
Located in south central Australia, South Australia is bordered by the four other mainland states, (Western Australia to the west, Queensland to the north east, New South Wales to the east, Victoria to the south east), the Northern Territory to the north, and the Great Australian Bight forms the state’s southern coastline.
The climate of the state varies greatly, with the more interior regions like the Riverland being intensely hot, and growing cooler closer to the coastal regions like Adelaide Hills. Across the region there is low annual rainfall, which necessitates irrigation to counter droughts.
Vines are grown at altitudes from the low valley regions of the Barossa and the Riverland up to1,970 feet high in the vineyards at Pewsey Vale in the Eden Valley. The soil types are also varied, and include the terra rosa of the Coonawarra region, the limestone–marl based soils of the Adelaide and Riverland areas, and the sandy, clay loam based soils of the Barossa.
Australian wine labeling
Since the 1960s, Australia’s labeling laws have used an appellation system known as the Australian Geographical Indication (AGI), which distinguishes the geographic origins of the grape. Under these laws, at least 85% of the grapes must be from the region that is designated on the label. In the late 1990s more definitive boundaries were established that divided Australia up into Geographic Indications known as zones, regions and sub regions.
South Australia wine zones and Regions
Adelaide super zone
In South Australia, a fourth geographical indication known as a super zone is used which consists of a group of adjoining zones. As of 2014, only one ‘super zone’ exists: this is the Adelaide region, which consists of the Barossa, Fleurieu and Mount Lofty Ranges zones. The Adelaide super zone was registered as an AGI on 27 December 1996.
The Barossa zone is located just outside the northeast of Adelaide and contains two Wine Regions: Barossa Valley and Eden Valley, both of which have received appellation as AGI in 1996.
- The Barossa Valley wine region is one of Australia’s oldest and most prestigious premium wine producing regions, known for its Shiraz production. The area’s climate is very hot and dry (for a wine producing area). Most of the area’s white wine plantings (Chardonnay, Riesling and Semillon) are located on the higher altitude hill sides around the valley where they can be cooled by the ocean breeze. In recent times the area has found some success with plantings of Rhône varietals including Grenache and Mourvèdre. Due to the hot climate, the grapes can become overripe, which requires the winemakers to limit the maceration time to prevent the wines from being overly tannic.
Viticulture and winemaking
Grapes in the Barossa Valley can get very ripe with high sugar and low acid levels.
Most of the Barossa Valley makes extensive used of irrigation to supplement the region’s low rainfall supply during the growing season. The increased water stress of the practice, coupled with the naturally reduced yields of old vines, tends to produce the most deeply concentrated grapes in the valley which often go into the Barossa Valley ‘s most expensive and sought after wines. Harvest usually begins in February and may be conducted in the cooler temperatures of night to help maintain acid levels.
The generally hot climate of the Barossa Valley usually means that the grapes become ripe very easily with high levels of sugars and low levels of acids. Winemaking in the Barossa Valley often utilizes the process of acidification in order to add balance to the wine. The high alcohol levels from the fermented sugars may be offset by various winemaking practices including reverse osmosis and adding water to the must. Historically, winemakers in the Barossa Valley have utilized very short maceration periods that limit the amount of time that the wine spends in contact with the skin. Often the wine is racked off the skins into oak wine barrels before fermentation is even completed. While this does mean that supplemental tannins might need to be added, this short maceration often leaves the wines with a smooth mouthfeel. The extensive use of oak is also a characteristic of Barossa Valley winemaking with American oak, with its more aggressive dill and coconut aroma notes, often used more than French oak.
While the Barossa Valley is most commonly associated with its signature grape variety of Shiraz, the region does grow a number of grape varieties. Among these other varieties are Riesling, Semillon, Chardonnay, Grenache, Mourvedre and Cabernet Sauvignon. The popularity of Syrah has sparked interest in the development of other Rhone varieties, with increase production of Grenache and Mourvedre (also known as Mataro in Australia) for both blending and varietal bottlings. Many of these vines are remnants of the Barossa’s fortified wine history and such have substantial age themselves.
Despite its reputation as a red wine region, the Barossa Valley does produce a large amount of white wine. Riesling has been historically important in the region but has gradually shifted eastward to higher elevations and cooler climates of the Barossa Ranges. Many Rieslings labelled with simply “Barossa” will often include more grapes from the cooler Eden Valley wine region than the Barossa Valley. This is permitted as the geographical indication of the Barossa Zone also includes the Eden Valley wine region that borders the Barossa Valley wine region to the east and which has developed an international reputation for the quality of its Riesling.
The plantings of Semillon in the Barossa Valley have evolved to develop its own unique pink-skinned clone that is distinctive from the Semillon found in its French homeland of Bordeaux or the internationally known Semillon from the Hunter Valley in New South Wales. Barossa Semillon is characterized by its full body, golden color and low acidity. Traditionally the wine was fermented in oak but in recent years has been produced more with stainless steel. Barossa Chardonnay is often oaked and subjected to malolactic fermentation, which produces a big, full body creamy wine.
- The Eden Valley wine region includes the High Eden sub-region, and is known for its rockier, more acidic soil than the neighbouring Barossa Valley. The area has a higher elevation (in the 400–610 metres (1,300–2,000 ft) range), and thus has a colder, wetter climate. The Eden Valley is home to the Hill of Grace vineyard with its 140+ year old Shiraz vines that are behind the Henschke Hill of Grace wine. The Eden Valley has also gained international attention for its limestone noted Rieslings.
The Fleurieu zone is located south of the Adelaide metropolitan area, between the mouth of the River Murray and the Gulf St. Vincent and includes Kangaroo Island. Five Wine regions are contained in this zone.
- The Kangaroo Island wine region is located just off the coast of South Australia and is known for its Bordeaux style wines.
- The Langhorne Creek wine region is located southeast of Adelaide. Orlando Wines sources many of the grapes for its Jacob’s Creek brand from this area, which has a reputation of its dessert wines.
- The Southern Fleurieu region is located on the southern end of the Fleurieu Peninsula. The area’s sandy loam and gravel based ironstone soil supports Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Riesling and Viognier plantings. Shiraz, Sauvignon blanc, Merlot and Primitivo are also planted at Nangkita in the centre of the Peninsula
- The McLaren Vale wine region is located south of Adelaide and extends to the south of Morphett Vale. With the area’s 22 inches of rain, and diversity of soil types including sand, clay and limestone, this area produces a wide range of wines with Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Semillon and Sauvignon blanc being the most widely planted.
McLaren Vale Region
McLaren is located approximately 35 km south of Adelaide in South Australia. Grapes were first planted in the region in 1838 and some vines more than 100 years old are still producing. Today there are more than 88 cellar doors in McLaren Vale. The majority are small family-run operations and boutique wineries Barossa and McLaren Vale food and wine are key icons of South Australia and in 2012 legislation to protect the character of McLaren Vale was passed, preventing the region to become a suburb of Adelaide.
Climate and geography
McLaren Vale has a Mediterranean climate with four clear seasons. With a dry warm Summer, the area has dry weather from December through to March or April, giving an easy change between summer and winter. It is gentle with long warm days and short cool nights. The region rarely experiences frost or drought due to its close proximity to the sea.
The McLaren Vale region is well known for its dry red wines, especially those made from Shiraz, Grenache and Mourvedre. Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Petit Verdot are also grown. White wine varieties in the region include Chardonnay, Semillon, Sauvignon blanc and Riesling.
In recent years innovative wineries have begun using less common varieties such as Sangiovese, Tempranillo, Barbera, Cinsaut, Vermentino and Viognier.
Notable for producing Shiraz, the grape is by far the most important variety for the region, accounting for about 50% of the total crush. The area’s thin soils, limited water, and warm summers harness Shiraz’s natural vigor and produce intense flavored fruit, and wine with a deep purple color that can last decades in the bottle. McLaren Vale wines are distinguished by their ripeness, elegance, structure, power and complexity.
- Shiraz is harvested from late February to early April. McLaren Vale Shiraz displays pronounced berry and spice characters with some dark chocolate and liquorice, while Shiraz from cooler sub-regions exhibits defined ripe raspberry characters. McLaren Vale Shiraz is renowned for its great softness and rolling palate. Many winemakers in McLaren Vale choose to blend their final Shiraz from a variety of sub-regions to add complexity. McLaren Vale naturally produces Shiraz that has very small berries. Smaller berries have a higher skin to pulp ratio. Within McLaren Vale and its subregions there is a diversity of soil types, clones and winemaking philosophies, which has led to a huge range of Shiraz wine styles being produced. Most winemakers produce at least one Shiraz wine
- Cabernet Sauvignon is Less famous than McLaren Vale Shiraz, but equally enchanting, Cabernet Sauvignon from McLaren Vale continues to display the rich ripe characters that typify wines from this region. Violet and blackcurrant flavours, vibrant plum, mint and edges of liquorice and a touch of McLaren Vale’s trademark dark chocolate character are common.
The McLaren district has many different soil types and this contributes to the wines from the area having different terroir. The vineyards are planted on soils including fertile red-brown earths, terra rossa, rendzina, soft sands and dark cracking clays.
Each of these soil types contributes to the rich diversity of wine produced by the winemakers of the region. Overall the soils have one common trait; they are free draining which means they hold very little water. This is, in fact, an advantage, as it allows the accurate control of moisture to the vines through the use of state-of-the-art drip irrigation. Because of reliable winter rain, irrigation can be kept to low levels and manipulated to achieve the production of superior fruit.
Some soil types allow grapes to be dry-grown. Approximately 20% of the total crop is dry-grown. These dry-grown vines are renowned for small fruit size, which is sought after for the intensity of its flavour.
Most vineyards are found on gently undulating land at about 100 m above sea level. In the foothills of the Mount Lofty Ranges to the east, where there is a scattering of vineyards, elevation rises to 320 m. In the north around Blewitt Springs elevation is around 200 m. These variations in elevation have a significant impact on the terroir and fruit produced in the vineyards.
McLaren Vale Region includes the subregions of Blewitt Springs, Township of McLaren, Seaview, McLaren Flats, Willunga South and Sellicks Foot Hills, each one with different soils, elevation, closeness to the sea, temperature and drainage making them able to produce a big array of terroirs and wines.
Mount Lofty Ranges zone
The Mount Lofty Ranges zone are located immediately to the east of Adelaide, north of the Fleurieu zone and south and north of the Barossa zone. It contains three regions and two subregions.
- The Adelaide Plains is one of the hottest and flattest wine regions in South Australia. The area’s Magill vineyards located on the edge of the foothills: “The Grange”, pioneered by Christopher Rawson Penfold, and “Auldana”, pioneered by W. P. Auld, once provided the grapes for the production of Penfolds‘ Grange.
- The Clare Valley is South Australia’s most northerly major wine district.
- The region contains two areas considered to be sub-regions – Polish Hill River and Watervale. Despite its hot and dry climate, many of the vineyards in this area are not irrigated. This helps to reduce crop yields and to concentrate the flavours in the grape. The region is known for its ability to produce Chardonnays, Semillons, and Rieslings that range from full body and luscious to light and delicate.
Far North zone
The Far North zone is located north of the Clare Valley wine region.
- The Southern Flinders Ranges. Located along the Goyder’s Line, the area receives an ample amount of rainfall and tends to harvest earlier than the more southerly Clare and Barossa valleys. The area is best suited for Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Shiraz.
Limestone Coast zone
The Limestone Coast zone is located in the south-east of the state, bounded by the continental coastline to the south, the border with the neighbouring state of Victoria to the east and the Lower Murray wine zone to the north. Six wine regions are contained in this Zone.
- The Coonawarra covers an area centred on the strip of land adjoining both sides of the Riddoch Highway mainly north of the town of Penola and is bordered by the Wrattonbilly region in the north, by the Mount Gambier region in the south and by the Victorian border in the east. It is known for the Cabernet Sauvignon grown in its terra rossa soil. For years there were disputes within the Coonawarra region about which vineyards could rightfully be considered “Coonawarra”, and which were outside the boundaries. The soil itself became the deciding factor, with the lands with red terra rossa soil being visually distinguishable from the black soil found interspersed throughout the region. In addition to Cabernet, the region has also found some success with its Chardonnay, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot noir, Riesling, Sauvignon blanc, Semillon and Shiraz.
- The Mount Benson wine region is located in the southeastern part of the state near the Robe wine region, west of Coonawarra. In the late 20th century, the area saw an influx of foreign investment, including the Rhône wine estate M. Chapoutier and the Belgium Kreglinger winery. The wines made here tend to be fruitier and less tannic than Coonawarra.
- The Mount Gambier wine region is located around the regional city of Mount Gambier. The first planting of vines occurred in 1982. The region received appellation as an Australian Geographical Indication in 2010 and as of 2014, is represented by 20 vineyards and eight wineries.
- The Padthaway wine region is a little north of, and slightly warmer than, Coonawarra, but it is better known for its white wine production, particularly Chardonnay. The wines here are known for the balance of their natural acidity and fruit.
- The Robe wine region is located near Mount Benson in the southeast part of the state, west of Coonawarra.
- The Wrattonbully wine region is located between Coonawarra and Padthaway and had its first commercial vineyards established in the area in 1968. The climate of the region is similar to Coonawarra, but vineyards in the Wrattonbully region tend to be higher elevated and on better drained soils. The soil of the area includes clay, sand and loam on top of limestone, with some patches of terra rossa. Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz are the most popular plantings.
Lower Murray zone
The Lower Murray zone which is located to the east of the Adelaide superzone, is bounded by the Limestone Coast zone to the south, the Far North zone to the north and by the border with Victoria to the east.
- The Riverland wine region is the highly irrigated land where a large percentage of Australia’s bulk and box wines are produced, similar to the Riverina region in New South Wales. Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Malbec and Riesling are some of the largest plantings in the area. The Riverland region also has one of the larger single plantings of Petit Verdot in the world, with Kingston Estate planting 100 hectares (250 acres) of this variety.
The Peninsulas zone
The Peninsulas zone covers the entire Yorke Peninsula, an adjoining portion of the Mid North of South Australia, the portion of Eyre Peninsula south of a line of latitude approximately in line with Crystal Brook and the islands located off the adjoining coastline. It is bounded by the Far North zone to its north by the Mount Lofty Ranges zone to its east.
- South Eastern Australia wine region
The South Eastern Australia wine region covers the area south of a line running from Ceduna in western South Australia to the junction of the borders of New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia (known as Cameron Corner) and then to the intersection of the Tropic of Capricorn with the eastern continental coastline. This region was registered as an AGI on 1 May 1996.